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高中英语作文常用语、句式、句型全汇总

作者:高中教务处 来源:搜狐教育 发布日期:2018年09月26日 浏览次数:
写作在高中英语学习中是培养和提高语言能力的有效手段,它有助于巩固和掌握所学词汇、语法。不会写高中英语作文怎么办呢?下面是小编整理的高中英语作文模板,希望对大家有所帮助 ...
 
 
1.议论论文:
A. Just as every coin has two sides, carshave both advantages and disadvantages.
B.Compared to/ In comparison with letters, e-mails are more convenient.
C. When itcomes to computers, some people think they have brought us a lot ofconvenience. However,...
D.Opinions are divided on the advantages and disadvantages of living in the cityand in the countryside.
E. As isknown to all/ As we all know, computers have played an important role/part inour daily life.
F. Why doyou go to university? Different people have different points of view.
2. 书信:
A. I amwriting to you to apply for admission to your university as a visiting scholar.
B. I readan advertisement in today’s China Daily and I apply for the job...
C. Thankyou for your letter of May 5.
D. Howhappy I am to receive your letter of January 9.
E. Hownice to hear from you again.
3. 口头通知或介绍情况:
A. Ladiesand gentlemen, May I have your attention, please. I have an announcement tomake.
B.Attention, please. I have something important to tell you.
C. Mr.Green, Welcome to our school. To begin with, let me introduce Mr. Wang to you.
4. 演讲稿:
A. Ladiesand gentlemen, I feel very much honored to have a chance here to make a speechon the subject -- A Balance Diet and Health.
B. Goodmorning everyone! Allow me, first of all, on behalf of all present here, toextend our warm welcome and cordial greeting to our distinguished guest.
 
as wellas, not only…but (also), including
A. Notonly do computers play an important part in science and technology, but alsoplay an informative role in our daily life.
B. All ofus, including the teachers / the teachers included, will attend the lecture.
C. Hespeaks French as well as English.=He speaks English, and French as well.=He speaks not only English but alsoFrench.
D. E-mail,as well as telephones, is playing an important part in daily communication.
 
on onehand ,on the other hand, on thecontrary/contrary to ..., though, for one thing ;for another, nevertheless
A. I know the Internet can only be used at home or in the office, but on the other hand,it is becoming more and more popular for much information as well as clear andvivid pictures.
B. It ishard work; I enjoy it though.
C.Contrary to what I had originally thought, the trip turned out to be fun.
 
even,besides, what’s more, as for, so…that…,worse still, moreover, furthermore; but for, in addition, to make matters worse
A. Thehouse is too small for a family of four, and furthermore/besides/what’smore/moreover /in addition/worse still , it is in a bad location.
 
in one’sopinion, that is to say, for example, for instance, as a matter of fact,in fact, namely
A. As a matter of fact, advertisement playsan informative role in our daily life.
B. Thereis one more topic to discuss, namely/that is ( to say ), the question ofeducation.
 
first/firstly,meanwhile, before long, ever since, while, at the same time, in the meantime,shortly after, nowadays
A. Theywill be here soon. Meanwhile, let’s have coffee.
B. Firstly, let me deal with the most important difficulty.
 
especially,indeed, at least, at the most, What in the world/on earth.. , not at all
A. Noiseis unpleasant, especially when you are trying to sleep.
B What inthe world/on earth are you doing?
 
thanks to,because, as a result, because of/as a result of , without, with the help of...,owe ...to...
A. Thecompany has a successful year, thanks mainly to the improvement in exportsales.
B. As aresult, many of us succeeded in passing the College Entrance Examinations.
 
in short;briefly/ in brief ; generally speaking, in a word, as you know, as is known toall
A.Generally speaking, sending an e-mail is more convenient than sending letters.
B. Inshort, measures must be taken to prevent the environment being polluted.
 
 
1. 关于……人们有不同的观点。一些人认为……
There aredifferent opinions among people as to……Some people suggest that……
2. 俗话说(常言道)……,它是我们前辈的经历,但是,即使在今天,它在许多场合仍然适用。
There is an old saying……It's the experience of our forefathers,however,it is correctin many cases even today.
3. 现在,……,它们给我们的日常生活带来了许多危害。首先,……;其次,……。更为糟糕的是……。
Today, …… whichhave brought a lot of harms in our daily life. First, ……
Second,……Whatmakes things worse is that…….
4. 现在,……很普遍,许多人喜欢……,因为……,另外(而且)……。
Nowadays,it is common to ……. Many people like ……
because …… Besides,……
5. 任何事物都是有两面性,……也不例外。它既有有利的一面,也有不利的一面。
Everything has two sides and …… is not an exception,it has both advantages and disadvantages.
6. 关于……人们的观点各不相同,一些人认为(说)……,在他们看来,……
People’sopinions about …… vary from person to person. Some people say that ……To them,……
7. 人类正面临着一个严重的问题……,这个问题变得越来越严重。
Man is nowfacing a big problem …… which is becoming more and more serious.
8. ……已成为人的关注的热门话题,特别是在年青人当中,将引发激烈的辩论。
……has become a hot topic among people,especially among the young and heateddebates are right on their way.
9. ……在我们的日常生活中起着越来越重要的作用,它给我们带来了许多好处,但同时也引发一些严重的问题。
……has been playing an increasingly importantrole in our day-to-day life.it has brought us a lot of benefits but has created some serious problems as well.
10. 根据图表/数字/统计数字/表格中的百分比/图表/条形图/成形图可以看出……。很显然……,但是为什么呢?
According to the figure/number/statistics/percentages in the /chart/bar graph/line/graph,it can be seen that……while. Obviously,……but why?
 
1. 相反,有一些人赞成……,他们相信……,而且,他们认为……。
On the contrary,there are some people in favor of……t the same time,they say……
2. 但是,我认为这不是解决……的好方法,比如……。最糟糕的是……。
But I don't think it is a very good way tosolve …….For example,……Worst of all,…….
3. ……对我们国家的发展和建设是必不可少的,(也是)非常重要的。首先,……。而且……,最重要的是……
……is necessary and important to our country'sdevelopment and construction. First,……What's more, ……Mostimportant of all,……
4. 有几个可供我们采纳的方法。首先,我们可以……。
There are several measures for us to adopt. First, we can……
5. 面临……,我们应该采取一系列行之有效的方法来……。一方面……,另一方面,
Confronted with……we should take a series of effective measures to…….
For one thing,For another,
6. 早就应该拿出行动了。比如说……,另外……。所有这些方法肯定会……。
It is high time that something was done about it. For example. ……In addition.……All
these measures will certainly…….
7. 为什么……?第一个原因是……;第二个原因是……;第三个原因是……。总的来说,……的主要原因是由于……
Why…… The first reason is that ……The second reason is ……The
third is…….For all this, the main cause of ……use to …….
8. 然而,正如任何事物都有好坏两个方面一样,……也有它的不利的一面,象……。
However, just like everything has both its good and bad sides, ……also has
its own disadvantages, such as ……
9. 尽管如此,我相信……更有利。
Nonetheless, I believe that ……is more advantageous.
10. 完全同意……这种观点(陈述),主要理由如下:
I fully agree with the statement that ……because…….
 
1. 至于我,在某种程度上我同意后面的观点,我认为……
As far asI am concerned, I agree with the latter opinion to some extent. I think that……
2. 总而言之,整个社会应该密切关注……这个问题。只有这样,我们才能在将来……。
In a word,the whole society should pay close attention to the problem of ……Only in this way can ……in the future.
3. 但是,……和……都有它们各自的优势(好处)。例如,……,而……。然而,把这两者相比较,我更倾向于(喜欢)……
But……and……have heir own advantages. For example, …… while……
Comparing this with that, however, I prefer to……
4. 就我个人而言,我相信……,因此,我坚信美好的未来正等着我们。因为……
Personally,I believe that…… Consequently, I’m confident that a bright future is awaiting us because……
5. 随着社会的发展,……。因此,迫切需要……。如果每个人都愿为社会贡献自己的一份力量,这个社会将要变得越来越好。
With the development of society, ……So it's urgent and necessary to ……If every member is willing to contribute himself to the society, it will be better and better.
6. 至于我(对我来说,就我而言),我认为……更合理。只有这样,我们才能……
For mypart, I think it reasonable to…… Only in this way can you……
7. 对我来说,我认为有必要……。原因如下:第一,……;第二,……;最后……但同样重要的是……
In myopinion, I think it necessary to……The reasons are as follows. First ……second …… Last but not least,……
8. 在总体上很难说……是好还是坏,因为它在很大程度上取决于……的形势。然而,就我个人而言,我发现……。
It is difficult to say whether ……is good or not in general as it depends very much on the situation of…….however, from a personal point of view find……
9. 综上所述,我们可以清楚地得出结论……
From what has been discussed above, we may reasonably arrive at the conclusionthat……
10. 如果我们不采取有效的方法,就可能控制不了这种趋势,就会出现一些意想不到的不良后果,所以,我们应该做的是……
If we cannot take useful means, we may not control this trend, and some undesirable result may come out unexpectedly, so what we should do is
 
1、学校生活及学习成绩
Begetting on well with one’s study某人的学习越来越好
takeseveral courses at school在学校学若干门课程
haveEnglish (Chinese, Physics…) every (other )day work hard at …
putone’s heart into…专心于;致力于
beinterested in …
be fondof
likechemistry best
begood at …; be poor at …; do well in …; be weak in …
makeprogress in …; fail in …’ be tired of …’
passthe examination; give sb. a passing grade;
majorin history 主修历史
Hehas the best record in school. 他的成绩最棒。
get adoctor’s degree 获得博士学位
bemore interesting to sb.
learnabout; succeed in…; be active in class (work);
takean active part in …; learn… by heart;
workout a (maths) problem; improve oneself in …;
get90 marks for (English); get an “A” in the exam;
havea good command of…
lay agood foundation in (language study)
2、师生关系
geton well with sb; like to be with students;
begentle with us; be kind to sb;
be astrict teacher; be strict with one’s pupils;
bestrict in work
Wethink of him (her) as …; help sb with sth;
praisesb for sth …; blame sb for sth..
giveadvice on …; question sb on …
besatisfied with …
correctthe students’ homework carefully and prepare for the next day;
give sb a lot ofwork;
tryto teach sb good study habits; make one’s lessons lively and interesting; teachsb. sth.;
teachsb to do sth.
devoteall one’s time to work;
admire(sb.for) his devotion to the cause of education
佩服他对于教育事业的献身精神。
3、课余活动及周末生活
spendone’s time in many different ways;
enjoydoing things by oneself; go swimming;
gofor an outing; have an outing at (the seashore);
seethe sights of Beijing; play the piano (violin);
playchess (basketball); have a swim;
havedances on weekends; have a picnic over the weekend;
go tothe cinema; have a party; hold a sports meeting;
dosome reading; help sb do sth; enjoy a family trip;
geteverything ready for;
rideone’s bike with sb.to(the park);
Thereare a lot of activities at (the beach).
Weenjoy a change from our busy life in the city.
Shewould like to bring sth. to the picnic.
Itwas a very relaxing Sunday.
Thereare good programmes on TV on weekends.
4、彼此沟通信息
takea message for sb; send a message to sb;
hearfrom sb; talk about/of sth; tell sb to do sth;
getinformation about…;
expressone’s idea (feelings) in English用英语表达一个人的思想(感情);
Writesb a letter saying…给某人写信说... ,apologize to sb for…
thankyou for …; make a speech t at the meeting;
explainsth to s; look upon sb as …; think sb to be …;
takesb’s side
5、事件中人的态度
wouldlike to do; allow sb to do;
keepsb from doing (prevent sb. from doing);
callon sb to do; be afraid to do (be afraid of …);
feelike doing; insist on doing; drive sb. off;
speakhighly of sb; speak ill of sb; think highly of sb;
forcesb to do; offer to do; refuse to do; agree to do;
regretdoing;
preferto do A rather than do B; had better do;
wouldrather (not) do.
6、事情过程
havethe habit of doing…; have no trouble doing;
makeup one’s mind to do;
preparesb for …; give up doing…; do sth as usual;
dowhat he wants us to do; set about doing;
tryone’s best to do…=go all out to do;
getinto trouble; help sb out; do one’s bit for New China;
waitfor sb to do; find a way to do; make friends with sb;
show(tell) sb. how to do…; take (send) sb to …;
I’mtrying to find…;
I’mafraid we are out of …;
passthe time doing; feel a little excited about doing…;
can’thelp doing…; do some good deeds to people;
beprepared for more hard work;
Someare doing A, others are doing B, and still others are doing C.
7、感观活动与思维活动
look around for …; look up (down) at …; catch sight of …;
take a look at …; hear sb do (doing); take notice of …;
take view of …; have a good understanding of …;
consider sb (sth) to be …; come to know…;
realize that …; know that +从句
8、情感与欲望
be pleased with …; be delighted in doing…;
take a pleasure in doing; be worried about;
feel surprised at …
be sorry for …; be angry with sb for sth;
be angry about …(为某事生气);
look forward to doing…; wish to do; expect to do;
long for (long to do); be sick for one’s home;
have a strong desire to do …;
9、健康状况及治疗
be in good shape; be in good (poor )health;
feel weak (well, terrible, sick); have got a high (slight ) fever;
have a slight (bad) cold; take one’s temperature;
have got a pain in …; be good (bad) for one’s health(eyes);
It’s nothing serious. stay in bed until…; save one’s life
10、其它
It (take)sb. some time to do…; It is said that …;
be fit for; be short of; be well dressed;
miss the lecture (train); change…into…;
waste time doing; spend time doing; be busy doing;
have no choice but to do; I can’t help it. be in need of…;
be mistaken about …; fall behind…; catch up with;
on behalf of; instead of; be welcome to do…;
Running, biking and swimming are popular in summer.
Skiing and skating are my favorite winter sports.
11、信件开头常用语
You letter came to me this morning.
I have received your letter of July the 20th.
I’m writing to you about the lecture to be given next Monday.
I’m writing to ask if you can come next week.
How time flies! It’s three months since I saw you last.
Thank you for your letter.
In reply to your letter about (the exhibition this year)…;
Let me tell you that…
12、信件结尾常用语
Please remember me to your whole family.
Give my best regards (wishes) to your mother.
Best wishes.
With love.
Wish you a pleasant journey.
Wish you success. Wish you the best of health. (luck)
Looking forward to your next visit to China.
Looking forward to the pleasure of meeting you.
Expecting to hear from you as soon as possible.
13、问路和应答
Go down this street
Turn night/left at the first crossing
It’s about…meters from here
You can’t miss it
In front of behind at/a the corner(不用in)
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